Boumal, N; Bendory, T; Lederman, Roy R; Singer, A Heterogeneous multireference alignment: A single pass approach Inproceedings 2018 52nd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS), pp. 1–6, 2018. Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: bispectrum, concave programming, cryo-EM, cyclic shifts, Discrete Fourier transforms, estimation theory, expectation-maximization, Gaussian mixture models, heterogeneity, heterogeneous MRA, Heterogeneous multireference alignment, Multireference alignment, Noise measurement, non-convex optimization, nonconvex optimization problem, Optimization, Reliability, signal estimation, signal processing, Signal resolution, Signal to noise ratio, single pass approach, Standards @inproceedings{boumal_heterogeneous_2018, title = {Heterogeneous multireference alignment: A single pass approach}, author = {N Boumal and T Bendory and Roy R Lederman and A Singer}, doi = {10.1109/CISS.2018.8362313}, year = {2018}, date = {2018-01-01}, booktitle = {2018 52nd Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS)}, pages = {1--6}, abstract = {Multireference alignment (MRA) is the problem of estimating a signal from many noisy and cyclically shifted copies of itself. In this paper, we consider an extension called heterogeneous MRA, where K signals must be estimated, and each observation comes from one of those signals, unknown to us. This is a simplified model for the heterogeneity problem notably arising in cryo-electron microscopy. We propose an algorithm which estimates the K signals without estimating either the shifts or the classes of the observations. It requires only one pass over the data and is based on low-order moments that are invariant under cyclic shifts. Given sufficiently many measurements, one can estimate these invariant features averaged over the K signals. We then design a smooth, non-convex optimization problem to compute a set of signals which are consistent with the estimated averaged features. We find that, in many cases, the proposed approach estimates the set of signals accurately despite non-convexity, and conjecture the number of signals K that can be resolved as a function of the signal length L is on the order of √L.}, keywords = {bispectrum, concave programming, cryo-EM, cyclic shifts, Discrete Fourier transforms, estimation theory, expectation-maximization, Gaussian mixture models, heterogeneity, heterogeneous MRA, Heterogeneous multireference alignment, Multireference alignment, Noise measurement, non-convex optimization, nonconvex optimization problem, Optimization, Reliability, signal estimation, signal processing, Signal resolution, Signal to noise ratio, single pass approach, Standards}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } Multireference alignment (MRA) is the problem of estimating a signal from many noisy and cyclically shifted copies of itself. In this paper, we consider an extension called heterogeneous MRA, where K signals must be estimated, and each observation comes from one of those signals, unknown to us. This is a simplified model for the heterogeneity problem notably arising in cryo-electron microscopy. We propose an algorithm which estimates the K signals without estimating either the shifts or the classes of the observations. It requires only one pass over the data and is based on low-order moments that are invariant under cyclic shifts. Given sufficiently many measurements, one can estimate these invariant features averaged over the K signals. We then design a smooth, non-convex optimization problem to compute a set of signals which are consistent with the estimated averaged features. We find that, in many cases, the proposed approach estimates the set of signals accurately despite non-convexity, and conjecture the number of signals K that can be resolved as a function of the signal length L is on the order of √L. |

Lederman, Roy R; Talmon, Ronen; Wu, Hau-tieng; Lo, Yu-Lun; Coifman, Ronald R Alternating diffusion for common manifold learning with application to sleep stage assessment Inproceedings 2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), pp. 5758–5762, 2015, (ISSN: 2379-190X). Abstract | Links | BibTeX | Tags: Alternating Diffusion, Common variable, diffusion maps, Kernel, learning (artificial intelligence), Manifolds, multimodal, multimodal respiratory signals, multimodal signal processing, Physiology, Sensitivity, Sensor phenomena and characterization, signal processing, sleep, sleep stage assessment, standard manifold learning method, time series @inproceedings{lederman_alternating_2015, title = {Alternating diffusion for common manifold learning with application to sleep stage assessment}, author = {Roy R Lederman and Ronen Talmon and Hau-tieng Wu and Yu-Lun Lo and Ronald R Coifman}, doi = {10.1109/ICASSP.2015.7179075}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-01-01}, booktitle = {2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)}, pages = {5758--5762}, abstract = {In this paper, we address the problem of multimodal signal processing and present a manifold learning method to extract the common source of variability from multiple measurements. This method is based on alternating-diffusion and is particularly adapted to time series. We show that the common source of variability is extracted from multiple sensors as if it were the only source of variability, extracted by a standard manifold learning method from a single sensor, without the influence of the sensor-specific variables. In addition, we present application to sleep stage assessment. We demonstrate that, indeed, through alternating-diffusion, the sleep information hidden inside multimodal respiratory signals can be better captured compared to single-modal methods.}, note = {ISSN: 2379-190X}, keywords = {Alternating Diffusion, Common variable, diffusion maps, Kernel, learning (artificial intelligence), Manifolds, multimodal, multimodal respiratory signals, multimodal signal processing, Physiology, Sensitivity, Sensor phenomena and characterization, signal processing, sleep, sleep stage assessment, standard manifold learning method, time series}, pubstate = {published}, tppubtype = {inproceedings} } In this paper, we address the problem of multimodal signal processing and present a manifold learning method to extract the common source of variability from multiple measurements. This method is based on alternating-diffusion and is particularly adapted to time series. We show that the common source of variability is extracted from multiple sensors as if it were the only source of variability, extracted by a standard manifold learning method from a single sensor, without the influence of the sensor-specific variables. In addition, we present application to sleep stage assessment. We demonstrate that, indeed, through alternating-diffusion, the sleep information hidden inside multimodal respiratory signals can be better captured compared to single-modal methods. |